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Scientists Have an Audacious Plan to Map the Ancient World Before It Disappears

Buried civilizations could soon become inaccessible forever. Archaeologists have to move fast, so they’re turning to the latest ground-scanning tech.
Lawrence B. Conyers pushes a small groundpenetrating radar system over grass.
Technologies such ground-penetrating radar allow archaeologists to peer down into the past without lifting a shovel.PHOTOGRAPH: JIMENA PECK
 

IN THE CENTER of Siena, Italy, a cathedral has stood for nearly 800 years. A black-and-white layer cake of heavy stone, fine-cut statuary, and rich mosaics, the imposing structure—now visited by more than a million tourists each year—would seem to be a permanent fixture of the city’s past, present, and future. Most people call it, simply, “the cathedral.” But Stefano Campana, a 53-year-old archaeologist at the University of Siena, calls it something else: “the church that is visible now.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Scientists Have an Audacious Plan to Map the Ancient World Before It Disappears | WIRED

 

 

 

 

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List of cities in the Americas by year of foundation

 
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

This is a list of cities in the Americas (South, Central and North) by founding year and present-day country.

 

Year City Region Country Notes
13,000 BC Wyam Oregon United States  
7500 BC Tlapacoya Ixtapaluca Mexico  
4000 BC Puerto Hormiga Culture Cartagena Colombia  
3710 BC Aspero Norte Chico Peru  
2627 BC Caral Norte Chico Peru  
1500 BC Kaminaljuyu Guatemala city Guatemala  
900 BC Flores Petén Guatemala

Formerly Nojpetén, the capital of the Itza kingdom, it has been occupied continuously since prehispanic times. Earliest archaeological traces date back to 900–600 BC, with major expansion of the settlement occurring around 250–400 AD. Ethnohistoric documents claim the founding of Nojpetén in the mid-15th century AD

800 BC Cholula Puebla Mexico Oldest continually inhabited city in Mexico [1]
800 BC Cuicuilco Mexico City Mexico  
700 BC Ticul Yucatán Mexico  
300 BC Teotihuacan México Mexico In the Valley of Mexico
200 Mitla Oaxaca Mexico  
200 Acanceh Yucatan Mexico  
500 Cuenca Azuay Ecuador  
524 Ejutla Oaxaca Mexico [2]
550 Izamal Yucatan Mexico  
600 Cahokia Illinois United States  
713 Tula Hidalgo Mexico  
1001 L'Anse aux Meadows Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Oldest known European (Norse) settlement in the Americas. Possibly founded by Leif Erikson, as part of Vinland, in 1001 AD.
1000 Acoma Pueblo and Taos Pueblo New Mexico United States  
1050 Motul Yucatán Mexico  
1050 Pachuca Hidalgo Mexico  
1100 Cusco Cusco Province Peru  
1100 Oraibi Arizona United States Hopi Reservation [1]
1168 Ecatepec Estado de Mexico Mexico  
1259 Chimalhuacán Mexico State Mexico  
1313 Xalapa Veracruz Mexico  
1325 Tenochtitlan Mexico City Mexico Largest pre-Columbian city in the Americas, later called Mexico City.
1450 Etzanoa Kansas United States [3]
1450 Zuni Pueblo New Mexico United States http://www.cpluhna.nau.edu/People/zuni.ht m" rel="nofollow">[2]
1470 Iximche Chimaltenango Guatemala

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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List of cities in the Americas by year of foundation - Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wyam city, Oregon, USA was founded 13,000 years ago. The founding of this city supports the Bering Route Theory. Paleolithic Amerindians are nomads, but they will eventually establish a large community in NW Pacific Coast region before resuming their migration southward or eastward. The accepted theory so far is that the Amerindians arrived in the Americas 20,000 plus years ago which suggest that an earlier city may have been establish along the way and possibly be located higher up in the Washington state or western Canada however the continental glacier may have deterred any earlier attempt. The list of cities above is informative however Archaeologist will eventually find more cities in between and therefore connecting more dots from North America to South America. The long-held belief that the first pre-Columbian city was established in Caral, Peru was astounding at the time.  Caral would only come to existence several thousand years later. By then population were increasing and expanding throughout the Americas and Caral was one of the pinnacle examples of that growth. I am actually not sure if Wyam is considered a city by definition. Cahokia and Chillicothe in the US were much larger in comparison to Wyam. Cholula in Mexico is the oldest continually inhabited city in the Americas.

 

 

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Early European settlement in the New World during the Age of Discovery.

 

 

1493 La Isabela Puerto Plata Dominican Republic First European settlement in the New World during the Age of Discovery. Abandoned by 1500.
1494 Concepción de la Vega La Vega Dominican Republic Founded by Christopher Columbus in 1494 as a gold town, and abandoned by 1562 after an earthquake destroyed the settlement.
1498 Santo Domingo Distrito Nacional Dominican Republic Capital of the Dominican Republic. Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in the Americas. Founded in 1498, by Bartholomew Columbus.
1502 Santa Cruz del Seibo El Seibo Dominican Republic  
1504 Azua de Compostela Azua Dominican Republic  
1504 Santiago de los Caballeros Santiago Dominican Republic  
1505 Cotuí Sánchez Ramírez Dominican Republic  
1506 Salvaleón de Higüey La Altagracia Dominican Republic  
1508 Bonao Monseñor Nouel Dominican Republic  
1508 Caparra Puerto Rico United States First city founded by Europeans, although not continuously inhabited, in Puerto Rico. Abandoned in 1521 with the removal of the capital to San Juan.
1510 Santa Maria la Antigua del Darien Urabá Colombia First city founded by Europeans on the continent of South America.
1510 Nombre de Dios Colon Panama Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Panama.
1511 Baracoa Guantánamo Cuba Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Cuba, former capital of Cuba.
1513 Bayamo Granma Cuba  
1514 Sancti Spiritus Sancti Spiritus Cuba  
1514 Trinidad Sancti Spiritus Cuba  
1515 Santiago Santiago Cuba After Baracoa and before Havana, Santiago was the second capital of Cuba.
1515 Cumaná Sucre Venezuela Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Venezuela.
1519 Havana Havana Cuba  
1519 La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz, (Veracruz) Veracruz Mexico Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Mexico.
1519 Panama City Panamá Panama First European established city on the Pacific Coast of the Americas. Founded in 1519, at the present day ruins of Panama Viejo, it was sacked by the Welsh pirate Henry Morgan in 1671, and resettled to nearby Casco Viejo, in 1673.
1520 Hato Mayor del Rey Hato Mayor Dominican Republic  
1521 San Juan Puerto Rico United States Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Puerto Rico, and in the United States. Oldest continuously inhabited state or territorial capital in the United States.
1524 Granada Granada Nicaragua Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Nicaragua.
1524 Tecpán Guatemala Chimaltenango Guatemala First capital of Guatemala and oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Guatemala.
1524 Trujillo Colón Honduras Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Honduras.
1525 Santa Marta Magdalena Colombia Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Colombia.
1525 Acapulco Guerrero Mexico http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/guerrero/municipios/12001a.ht m" rel="nofollow">[3]
1525 San Salvador San Salvador El Salvador Founded in 1525, rebuilt and changed locations twice afterwards (1528 and 1545) and oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in El Salvador.
1526 Acámbaro Guanajuato Mexico  
1526 Chimaltenango Chimaltenango Guatemala  
1527 Coro Falcón State Venezuela  
1528 Nueva Cádiz Cubagua Venezuela  
1528 San Cristóbal de las Casas Chiapas Mexico Originally called Villa Real de Chiapa.
1528 Camagüey Camagüey Province Cuba Founded in 1515 the northern coast of Camagüey as "Puerto del Príncipe", but moved in 1528 to present location.
1529 Maracaibo Zulia Venezuela  
1530 San Blas Nayarit Mexico By Nuño Beltrán http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/nayarit/mpios/18012a.ht m" rel="nofollow">[4]
1530 San Miguel San Miguel El Salvador  
1531 Puebla Puebla Mexico by Fr. Toribio de Benavente ("Motolinía") on 16 April http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/puebla/Mpios/21114a.ht m" rel="nofollow">[5]
1531 Mazatlán Sinaloa Mexico  
1531 Culiacán Sinaloa Mexico Founded as Villa de San Miguel de Culiacán on September 29, 1531 by Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán.
1531 Tepic Nayarit Mexico As capital of Nueva Galicia http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/nayarit/mpios/18017a.ht m" rel="nofollow">[6]
1532 Compostela de Indias Nayarit Mexico  
1532 Oaxaca Oaxaca Mexico  
1532 Piura Piura Peru Founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro the oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Peru.
1532 São Vicente São Paulo Brazil Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Brazil, oldest Portuguese established settlement in the New World.
1532 Itanhaém São Paulo Brazil Second oldest city in Brazil.[4]
1532 Cananéia São Paulo Brazil  
1533 Cartagena de Indias Bolívar Colombia
1534 Porto Seguro Bahia Brazil Known as the first place on the Americas to be discovered by the portuguese in 1500 by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The first church was erected in 1503
1534 Otavalo Imbabura Ecuador  
1534 Ilheos/Ilhéus Bahia Brazil  
1534 Quito Pichincha Ecuador Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Ecuador.
1534 Spanish Town Saint Catherine Jamaica Founded by the Spanish as Santiago de la Vega or St. Jago de la Vega. Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Jamaica.
1534 Trujillo La Libertad Peru
1535 Lima Lima Peru
1535 Igarassu Pernambuco Brazil Site of first European settlement in Brazil, the feitoria of Igarassu, in 1516.[5]
1535 Olinda Pernambuco Brazil One of the best-preserved colonial cities in Brazil.[6]
1535 Vila Velha Espírito Santo Brazil  
1535 Paria Oruro Bolivia First Spanish settlement in Bolivia
1536 Santiago de Cali Valle del Cauca Colombia
1536 Popayán Cauca Colombia
1536 San Pedro Sula Cortés Honduras  
1536 Tupiza Potosí Bolivia  
1537 Asunción   Paraguay Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Paraguay.
1537 Recife Pernambuco Brazil Capital of the state of Pernambuco. It is the oldest city among Brazil's current state capitals.[7]
1537 Comayagua Comayagua Honduras  
1538 Bogotá Cundinamarca Colombia  
1538 Guayaquil Guayas Ecuador  
1538 Iguape São Paulo Brazil  
1538 Sucre Chuquisaca Bolivia Originally called Ciudad de la Plata de la Nueva Toledo and the oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Bolivia.
1539 Tunja Boyacá Colombia  
1539 Vélez Santander Colombia  
1539 Pasto Nariño Colombia  
1540 Arequipa Arequipa Peru  
1540 Ayacucho Ayacucho Peru  
         
1540 Yuriria Guanajuato Mexico  
1540 Mompox Bolivar Colombia
1540 Supía Caldas Colombia
1540 Campeche Campeche Mexico Founded on the site of Mayan village Kimpech.
1541 Huánuco Huánuco Peru  
1541 Moquegua Moquegua Peru  
1541 Santiago Santiago Chile Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Chile.
1541 Santafé de Antioquia Antioquia Colombia  
1542 Guadalajara Jalisco Mexico  
1542 Genaro Codina Zacatecas Mexico [8]
1542 San Miguel de Allende Guanajuato Mexico  
1542 Mérida Yucatan Mexico Built on the site of Mayan city T'ho.
1542 San Luis de la Paz Guanajuato Mexico  
1543 Antigua Guatemala Sacatepéquez Guatemala  
1543 Cobán Alta Verapaz Guatemala  
1543 Santa Cruz Verapaz Alta Verapaz Guatemala  
1544 La Serena Región de Coquimbo Chile Originally founded as Villanueva de La Serena, the city was destroyed completely in a native uprising in 1549 and re-founded the same year as San Bartolomé de La Serena; its founding date is for this reason sometimes listed as 1549. Second oldest European city in Chile.
1545 Potosí Potosí Bolivia  
1545 San Juan de los Remedios Villa Clara Province Cuba Remedios has the most uncertain foundation date in Cuba, 1545 has been accepted because it is when the village erected its town hall, but its origin has been studied and documented back to 1513.
1545 Riohacha La Guajira Colombia  
1546 Santos São Paulo Brazil  
1546 Neyba Bahoruco Dominican Republic  
1546 Tepezalá Aguascalientes Mexico [9]
1547 Bertioga São Paulo Brazil Colonization began in 1531 with Martim Afonso de Souza
1548 Asientos Aguascalientes Mexico [10]
1548 La Paz La Paz Bolivia  
1548 Pánuco Zacatecas Mexico [11]
1548 Zacatecas Zacatecas Mexico [citation needed]
1549 Salvador Bahia Brazil First capital of Brazil
1550 Concepción Concepción Chile  
1550 Valledupar Cesar Colombia  
1550 Ibagué Tolima Colombia  
1551 Vitória Espírito Santo Brazil  
1551 Mocoa Putumayo Colombia  
1552 Sonsonate Sonsonate El Salvador  
1553 Santiago del Estero Santiago del Estero Argentina Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Argentina.
1553 Santo André da Borda dos Campos de Piratininga São Paulo Brazil First not coastal village in Brazil. Was abandoned because of war with natives.
1554 Embu das Artes São Paulo Brazil  
1554 São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga/ São Paulo São Paulo Brazil Current São Paulo state capital.
1555 Saín Alto Zacatecas Mexico [12]
1555 Valencia Carabobo Venezuela  
1556 Chalchihuites Zacatecas Mexico [13]
1557 Cuenca (Santa Ana de los Cuatro Rios de Cuenca) Azuay Ecuador
1557 Santo Amaro Bahia Brazil  
1558 Mérida Mérida Venezuela  
1558 Londres Catamarca Argentina Second oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Argentina, though rebuilt and relocated several times.
1560 Mogi das Cruzes São Paulo Brazil  
1560 Itaquaquecetuba São Paulo Brazil  
1560 Guarulhos São Paulo Brazil  
1560 Barueri São Paulo Brazil  
1560 Ipojuca Pernambuco Brazil  
1561 Santa Cruz de la Sierra Santa Cruz Bolivia  
1561 Mendoza Mendoza Argentina [14]
1561 San Cristobal Táchira Venezuela  
1562 San Juan San Juan Argentina  
1562 Río Grande Zacatecas Mexico [15]
1562 Susticacán Zacatecas Mexico [16]
1562 Itapecerica da Serra São Paulo Brazil  
1563 Cartago Cartago Costa Rica Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Costa Rica.
1564 São Mateus Espírito Santo Brazil  
1565 Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro Brazil Second capital of Brazil and capital of Rio de Janeiro state
1565 Saint Augustine Florida United States Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in the continental United States (not counting Spanish settlements in Puerto Rico). Preceded only by Pensacola, Florida, which was destroyed in 1559, and Fort Caroline, destroyed in 1565.
1565 Tucumán Tucumán Argentina  
1567 Caracas Capital District Venezuela  
1568 Mazapil Zacatecas Mexico [17]
1568 Goiana Pernambuco Brazil Declared vila in 1685; cidade in 1840.[18]
1568 Valaparaíso Zacatecas Mexico [19]
1569 Santa Ana Santa Ana El Salvador Built over Mayan city of Sihuatehuacán.
1570 Jerez Zacatecas Mexico [20]
1570 Sombrerete Zacatecas Mexico [21]
1571 Cochabamba Cochabamba Bolivia  
1572 Huancavelica Huancavelica Peru  
1573 San German Puerto Rico United States Second oldest European settlement in Puerto Rico[22]
1573 Córdoba Córdoba Argentina  
1573 Santa Fé Santa Fé Argentina  
1573 Buga Valle del Cauca Colombia  
1574 Huaraz Ancash Peru
1574 Tarija Tarija Department Bolivia  
1575 Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Mexico [23]
1576 León Guanajuato Mexico
1577 Juayúa Sonsonate El Salvador
1578 Fort-Liberté Nord-Est Haiti Originally called Bayaha by the Spanish. Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Haiti.
1578 Tegucigalpa Francisco Morazán Honduras
1579 Coamo Puerto Rico United States Third oldest European settlement in Puerto Rico. In the same area where the Taínos had had their village of Guayama. Coamo became officially a town in 1616, and given the title of villa by Spanish Royal Decree in 1778.[24]
1580 Buenos Aires   Argentina
1580 Carapicuíba São Paulo Brazil  
1580 Santana de Parnaíba São Paulo Brazil
1580 Santo Domingo Xenacoj Sacatepéquez Guatemala  
1582 Salta Salta Argentina  
1583 St John's Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Oldest continuously inhabited British settlement in the Americas.
1584 Roanoke North Carolina United States  
1585 João Pessoa Paraíba Brazil  
1587 Concepción del Oro Zacatecas Mexico [25]
1588 Corrientes Corrientes Argentina  
1590 São Cristóvão Sergipe Brazil First capital of Sergipe. Formerly known as Sergipe d'El Rei
1591 Jiménez del Teul Zacatecas Mexico [26]
1591 Juan Aldama Zacatecas Mexico [27]
1591 Paudalho Pernambuco Brazil
1591 La Rioja La Rioja Argentina [14]
1592 San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Mexico  
1593 Angra dos Reys Rio de Janeiro Brazil First setllers arrived in 1502
1593 San Salvador de Jujuy Jujuy Argentina  
1594 Pinos Zacatecas Mexico [28]
1594 San Luis San Luis Argentina  
1596 Monterrey Nuevo León Mexico  
1596 Villahermosa Tabasco Mexico Originally called Villa Felipe II.
1597 Portobelo Colón Panama  
1598 Parras Coahuila Mexico  
1599 Natal Rio Grande do Norte Brazil  
1599 Tadoussac Quebec Canada Oldest continuously inhabited French established settlement in the Americas, oldest European established settlement in Quebec.
1600 Facatativá Cundinamarca Colombia  
1600 Zipaquirá Cundinamarca Colombia  
1602 David Chiriquí Province Panama
1603 Salamanca Guanajuato Mexico
1605 Port Royal Nova Scotia Canada Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Nova Scotia.
1606 Bayaguana Monte Plata Dominican Republic
1606 Ibarra Imbabura Ecuador  
1606 Oruro Oruro Bolivia
1607 Jamestown Virginia United States First permanent English established settlement in the Americas.
1608 Quebec City Quebec Canada
1609 Fortaleza Ceará Brazil
1610 Itu São Paulo Brazil
1610 Kecoughtan Virginia United States
1524 León León Nicaragua Original location (now known as the ruins of Leon Viejo) on the south-western shore of Lago Managua founded in 1524, but destroyed by earthquakes, and resettled 20 miles west, in 1610, to its present-day location at Leon.
1610 Santa Fe New Mexico United States Oldest continuously inhabited state or territorial capital in the continental United States. http://www.santafeinformation.com/history.htm l" rel="nofollow">[7]
1610 Harbour Grace Newfoundland and Labrador Canada
1611 Marechal Deodoro Alagoas Brazil
1612 São Luís Maranhão Brazil Capital of Maranhão.
1612 St. George's   Bermuda Oldest continuously inhabited English established settlement in the Americas.
1612 Neiva Huila Colombia  
1613 Penedo Alagoas Brazil
1613 Hopewell Virginia United States Oldest continuously inhabited English settlement in North America. Founded in 1613 as Bermuda City by Thomas Dale.
1614 Albany, New York New York United States Oldest US settlement north of Virginia and second oldest state or territorial capital in the continental United States, incorporated 1686
1614 Sirinhaém Pernambuco Brazil Declared vila in 1627; cidade in 1892.[29]
1615 Cabo Frio Rio de Janeiro Brazil
1615 Taos New Mexico United States
1615 Ipiales Nariño Colombia
1616 Belém Pará Brazil Capital of Pará.
1616 Medellín Antioquia Colombia Founded by Francisco de Herrera y Campuzano
1616 Arecibo Puerto Rico United States
1618 Cabo de Santo Agostinho Pernambuco Brazil Declared vila in 1811; cidade in 1877.
1620 Ojocaliente Zacatecas Mexico [30]
1620 Plymouth Massachusetts United States
1622 Bucaramanga Santander Colombia
1623 Dover New Hampshire United States
1623 Gloucester Massachusetts United States
1624 Old Road Saint Christopher Saint Kitts and Nevis Oldest continuously inhabited British established settlement in the Caribbean, First successful 'non-Spanish' established settlement in the Caribbean.
1624 Villa Soriano Soriano Uruguay Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Uruguay.
1624 New Amsterdam New York United States Now New York City.
1625 Quincy Massachusetts United States
1626 Salem Massachusetts United States
1626 Vitória de Santo Antão Pernambuco Brazil Declared vila in 1811; cidade in 1843.[31]
1627 Basseterre Saint Christopher Saint Kitts and Nevis Oldest continuously inhabited French established settlement in the Caribbean.
1628 Bridgetown Saint Michael Barbados Second oldest continuously inhabited English established settlement in the Caribbean.
1630 Boston Massachusetts United States
1630 Jersey City, New Jersey New Jersey United States Pavonia, New Netherland
1630 Paramaribo Paramaribo Suriname Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Suriname.
1630 Speightstown Saint Peter Barbados
1631 Biddeford Maine United States
1631 Hidalgo del Parral Chihuahua Mexico
1631 Saint John New Brunswick Canada
1632 Batopilas Chihuahua Mexico
1632 Williamsburg Virginia United States
1632 St. John's Antigua Antigua and Barbuda
1634 Green Bay Wisconsin United States Oldest continuously inhabited French established settlement in the United States.
1634 St. Mary's City Maryland United States
1634 Trois-Rivières Quebec Canada
1634 Willemstad Curaçao Netherlands Oldest continuously inhabited Dutch established settlement in the Caribbean.
1635 Concord Massachusetts United States
1635 Dedham Massachusetts United States
1635 Newburyport Massachusetts United States  
1635 Old Saybrook Connecticut United States Original Dutch settlement called Kievits Hoek.
1635 Hartford Connecticut United States

Settled by Dutch in 1635. Named Newton by English in 1636, then changed to Hartford in 1637.

1636 Scituate Massachusetts United States  
1636 Springfield Massachusetts United States  
1636 Providence Rhode Island United States  
1638 Belize City Belize Belize Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in Belize. Original Mayan city called Holzuz.
1638 Fort-de-France   Martinique Originally called Fort Saint Louis.
1638 New Haven Connecticut United States

[8]

1638 Wilmington Delaware United States Grew from Fort Christina, part of the New Sweden colony. Oldest continuously inhabited Swedish established settlement in the Americas.
1638 Cambridge Massachusetts United States  
1639 Rincón de Romos Aguascalientes Mexico [32]
1639 (prior to) St. Marks Florida United States [33]
1639 Barnstable Massachusetts United States Second-oldest municipality and only city on Cape Cod
1639 Bridgeport Connecticut United States  
1639 Guilford Connecticut United States Location of the Henry Whitfield House, the oldest house in Connecticut and the oldest stone house in New England
1639 Milford Connecticut United States  
1639 Newport Rhode Island United States  
1640 Tumaco Nariño Colombia  
1642 Montreal Quebec Canada  
1642 Lexington Massachusetts United States http://www.lexingtonchamber.org/history.htm l" rel="nofollow">[9]
1642 Warwick Rhode Island United States  
1642 Sorel-Tracy Quebec Canada  
1643 Basse-Terre Guadeloupe France Territorial capital.
1643 Dolores Hidalgo Guanajuato Mexico  
1644 Salvatierra Guanajuato Mexico  
1646 New London Connecticut United States  
1648 Alcântara Maranhão Brazil [34]
1648 Paranaguá Paraná Brazil  
1649 Annapolis Maryland United States  
1650 Castries Castries Saint Lucia  
1650 Saint George's Saint George Grenada  
1651 Norwalk Connecticut United States
1654 Vieux Fort Vieux Fort Saint Lucia  
1654 Sorocaba São Paulo (state) Brazil Old village of Nossa Senhora do Mont Serrat
1659 Ciudad Juárez Chihuahua Mexico  
1659 El Paso Texas United States  
1660 Charlestown Nevis St Kitts & Nevis  
1660 Placentia Newfoundland and Labrador Canada French Capital until 1713, originally called Plaisance
1660 Rye New York United States  
1664 Cayenne French Guiana France Oldest continuously inhabited European established settlement in French Guiana.
1664 Quibdó Chocó Colombia  
1664 Woodbridge New Jersey United States  
1665 Port-de-Paix Nord-Ouest Haiti  
1666 Codrington Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda  
1666 Newark New Jersey United States  
1667 Paraty Rio de Janeiro Brazil  
1668 Sault Ste. Marie Michigan United States [10], oldest city in Michigan.
1669 Manaus Amazonas Brazil  
1670 Boqueirão Paraíba Brazil [35]
1670 Cap-Haïtien Nord Haiti Originally called "Cap-Français"
1670 Charleston South Carolina United States  
1670 Mackinac Island Michigan United States  
1671 St. Ignace Michigan United States  
1672 Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas U.S. Virgin Islands United States Oldest permanent European settlement in Saint Thomas island.[36] Oldest continuously inhabited Danish established settlement in the Americas.
1673 Kingston Ontario Canada Grew from Fort Frontenac. Continuously inhabited since 1784.
1673 San José de Gracia Aguascalientes Mexico [37]
1673 Worcester Massachusetts United States  
1674 Cachoeira Bahia Brazil  
1674 Waterbury Connecticut United States  
1676 Laguna Santa Catarina Brazil  
1677 Crosswicks New Jersey United States Quaker settlement. Continuously inhabited since founding.
1680 South Orange New Jersey United States Grew from Newark (later Orange).
1680 Colonia del Sacramento Colonia Uruguay  
1681 Cockburn Town   Turks and Caicos Islands  
1681 Philadelphia Pennsylvania United States  
1682 Norfolk Virginia United States  
1682 São Borja Rio Grande do Sul Brazil  
1683 Dover Delaware United States  
1685 Escada Pernambuco Brazil  
1686 Trinidad Beni Department Bolivia  
1687 New Britain Connecticut United States  
1687 São Luiz Gonzaga Rio Grande do Sul Brazil  
1687 São Miguel das Missões Rio Grande do Sul Brazil  
1687 São Nicolau Rio Grande do Sul Brazil  
1689 Marigot   Saint Martin  
1689 San Gil Santander Colombia  
1690 Port of Spain Trinidad Trinidad and Tobago  
1690 São Lourenço das Missões Rio Grande do Sul Brazil  
1690 Santa Rosa de Viterbo Boyacá Colombia  
1691 Peoria Illinois United States  
1692 Villanueva Zacatecas Mexico [38]
1693 Bom Jesus da Lapa Bahia Brazil  
1693 Burlington New Jersey United States  
1693 Middletown New Jersey United States  
1693 Curitiba Paraná Brazil  
1693 Kingston St Andrew Jamaica  
1695 Nassau New Providence Bahamas  
1695 Saint-Marc Artibonite Haiti  
1696 Assú Rio Grande do Norte Brazil Declared vila in 1766; cidade in 1845.[39]
1696 Rimouski Quebec Canada  
1697 Wendake Quebec Canada  
1698 Ambato Tungurahua Ecuador  
1698 Pensacola Florida United States Known for being the first European settlement in North America.
1699 Biloxi Mississippi United States  
1699 Baton Rouge Louisiana United States  
1700 Barreiras Bahia Brazil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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List of cities in the Americas by year of foundation - Wikipedia

 

 

 

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New Tulum archaeological zone entrance complete

Meyer Falcón was on site to hand over the finished project to the the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), who is in charge of the archaeological zones.

“The new access to the archaeological zone of Tulum is now ready and improves the experience of those who visit this historic space. It is a more decent entrance, more environmentally friendly,” Meyer Falcón said.

 

Román Meyer Falcón reports on official opening of Tulum archaeological zone entrance. Photo: Sedatur February 10, 2024.

The new Archaeological Zone of Tulum entrance is located within the Jaguar Park. The Sedatur head said the new facility will have a greater capacity to serve visitors. He also said that other spaces have been built in the Park such as a viewpoint and beach access.

 

A new beach access point is also finished. Photo: Sedatur February 10, 2024.

“Another space that we built in Parque Del Jaguar is an access module in which we include offices for the colleagues of INAH and a visitor rest area. A viewpoint that facilitates access to the beaches of Tulum is another element that we built in Parque Del Jaguar,” he explained.

A viewpoint within Jaguar Park has been constructed. Photo: Sedatur February 10, 2024.

Meyer Falcón says they are still working on the five-kilometer connectivity section between the Jaguar National Park and the Maya Train station in Tulum. He says there will be a direct entrance to the area, which passes through the 300 hectares of the old airfield, which is currently being reforested and illuminated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Article

 

 

New Tulum archaeological zone entrance complete - Riviera Maya News (riviera-maya-news.com)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prior to completion

 

 

 

Tulum’s new archaeological museum in Jaguar Park nearing completion

 
 
 
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Tulum, Q.R. — The new museum of the archaeological zone of Tulum, being built by the Secretariat of Agrarian, Territorial and Urban Development (Sedatu) within the Jaguar National Park, is 80 percent complete, the agency reported.

According to information released by Sedatu, the zone will expose the influence of the Mayan culture with the aim of detonating local tourism. It will house archaeological monuments and natural and cultural wealth of federal reserves, through low-impact tourism.

The property has a conservative architectural style with classic lines. Those in charge of the design are the C733 Architecture Collective, Sedatu reported.

 
 
 
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In addition, it has three exhibition rooms and will have 360 collection pieces. Those in charge of carrying out the curatorship are Juan Manuel Garibay and Karina Romero Blanco.

Sedatu indicated that in order to facilitate the arrival of visitors, the property will have a Maya Train connection with a Tulum on section 5 south, and will also interconnect with the archaeological zone through a 70-meter bridge over the federal 307 highway.

The new museum is around 80 percent finished. Photo: Sedatu January 2024.

The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) will be administrators of the new building.

It is estimated that this site, which is located in front of the main entrance to the archaeological zone of Tulum, will officially open to the public in February or March 2024.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tulum's new archaeological museum in Jaguar Park nearing completion - Riviera Maya News (riviera-maya-news.com)

 

 

 

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S'edav Va'aki Museum

 

Mound Tour 2014.jpg

 

 

​Announcement!

As of March 23, 2023, Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeo​logical Park has been renamed to "S'edav Va'aki Museum." Stay tuned for updates to the new signage and other changes and activities this fall! Thank you for your continued support and we look forward to sharing with you Phoenix's rich cultural history.

Vision

S'edav Va'aki Museum will be recognized as the gateway to the cultural history of the Phoenix area.  In collaboration with our communities, we will create memorable experiences that link past to present. ​To honor the site of S'edav Va'aki Museum as a unique community resource through sound preservation practices, engaging educational programs, and the thoughtful care and presentation of cultural materials. For all audiences, S'edav Va'aki Museum​ will foster understanding, appreciation, and respect for our shared cultural history.​​

​​Land Acknowledgement Statement

​The Parks and Recreation Department acknowledges the City of Phoenix is located within Native Land. Read the department's commitment to respecting Ancestral Indigenous Communities.

Land Acknowledgment statement pic.jfif

 
 

​​Upcoming Events

 
 
Jun22

'Sending Their Ancestors Home' Exhibit

Location: S'edav Va'aki Museum, 4619 E Washington Street.
When: 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Pueblo Grande Museum Archaeological Park (phoenix.gov)

 

 

 

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