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Archaeology Polynesian Settlement of New Zealand

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ZeXsY(PMP23)
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PolynesianNEwzealand

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Elgin Productions
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The Māori (/ˈmaʊri/, Māori: [ˈmaːɔɾi] ( listen)) are the indigenous Polynesian people of mainland New Zealand (Aotearoa). Māori originated with settlers from East Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages between roughly 1320 and 1350.

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Prau123
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So basically once Polynesians discovered New Zealand, they migrated quickly in several waves to New Zealand.  Maybe they were attracted to all that large bird fauna supplying a lot of easy meat?

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ZeXsY(PMP23)
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@prau123 A Aussie told that Polynesians made it to Australia too buy most likely got kicked out by the Australian aboriginals. This information I will post soon

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Prau123
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@zexsypmp23 , I'm surprised it's taken this long to find any evidence that Polynesians, in particular from New Zealand, made it to Australia.  The New Zealand Polynesians even went to discover much smaller islands such as the Chatham Islands that are significantly distant from New Zealand.

Austronesians, whether they be Polynesians, Micronesians, or Western Austronesians, appear to have avoided too much conflict if a land was already significantly occupied especially places like New Guinea and Australia.  The Australian Aborigines obviously could defend themselves, but many areas of Australia are depopulated.  Perhaps the coastal areas were more populated back then as compared today with aborigines.  Well, the Polynesians of New Zealand were perhaps too busy with New Zealand since it's such a large landmass on its own.  So no need for Polynesians to put too much effort in colonizing Australia. 

Austronesians tended to focus on coastal areas where they have access to fish and other marine life, and it's only later in their settlement of the land that they settled further inland.  So the Austronesian style of migration did not motivate them to go to let's say New Guinea, and spend centuries conquering the island.  Rather, they just settled the coasts of New Guinea, and continued on to other islands.  

 

 

 

 

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ZeXsY(PMP23)
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@prau123

australia. papua

the Australians aboriginals arrived from Papua new guinea.

 

Evidence of Polynesian settlement in Norfolk Island

 
The Australian ConvictSiteswas inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2010. Collectively, thesitesare representatives of the global phenomenon of the forced migration of convicts. TheNorfolk Island Museumreveals to youNorfolk'samazing and multi-layered stories. Famous for its colourful history, the island was first settled byPolynesians,then in 1788 by the British who later made it a convict hellhole.Since 1856 it has been home to the descendants of the Bounty mutineers.
 

Our collections cover material from four distinct periods:

  1. Polynesian Settlement: 700 - 1500
  2. First Settlement (penal): 1788 - 1814
  3. Second Settlement (penal): 1825 - 1855
  4. Third Settlement (HMAV Bounty mutineer descendants from Pitcairn Island): 1856 to present.
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Dyno-Mite
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@zexsypmp23 Melanesians of Papua new guinea has a sprinkle of Austronesian in their DNA too

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ZeXsY(PMP23)
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Polynesians occupied Norfolk Island prior to the arrival of Europeans in 1788. Archaeological remains suggest a single phase of occupation in the period between c. 1150 and c. 1450 AD, with settlers probably arriving from East Polynesia by way of the Kermadec Islands.

Other evidence prior to Polynesian settlement included the discovery of bananas growing in Arthur’s Vale in 1788, stone artefacts and the wreckage of a canoe at Ball’s Bay. Various Polynesian artefacts recovered from the KAVHA site and evidence of early Polynesian habitation can be explored at the Norfolk Island Museum.

Kalia vessel. Source: New York Public Library

Polynesian Settlement (before 1788) | Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area (norfolkisland.gov.au)

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Prau123
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It looks like the Polynesians went all out in exploring everything nearby New Zealand.  Although Norfolk Island is a small island, it's big enough to support human inhabitants at 34.6 square kilometers, and apparently there was a population of Polynesians living there for a while.  It's also midway between New Zealand and New Caledonia, so Norfolk Island could have acted as a resting point also.  What I can't figure out is why the Polynesian population had already disappeared when the Europeans arrived.  

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