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Archaeology [Sticky] Archaeology by Prau123

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John Cabot's Voyage of 1497

There is very little precise contemporary information about the 1497 voyage. If Cabot kept a log, or made maps of his journey, they have disappeared. What we have as evidence is scanty: a few maps from the first part of the 16th century which appear to contain information obtained from Cabot, and some letters from non-participants reporting second-hand on what had occurred. As a result, there are many conflicting theories and opinions about what actually happened.

 

John Cabot did make two trips to eastern Canada in 1497 and 1498.  The maps and logs may have been passed down to his son Sebastiano Caboto, an explorer and cartographer.

 

 

 

Article

 

John Cabot's Voyage of 1497 (heritage.nf.ca)

 

 

 

 

 

Article and Map

 

John Cabot - Italian Navigator and Explorer (famous-explorers.com)

 

 

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Article and Map

 

Early French explorations (pagesperso-orange.fr)

 

 

 

Gastaldi’s map of New France is the earliest printed map focusing on what is now northeastern Canada and the United States. Published in the third volume of J.B. Ramusio's Viagi (Voyages), it is largely based on the voyages of Cartier and Verrazzano. The Hudson River, the St. Lawrence River, and the islands near the Gulf of St. Lawrence are the most prominent features on this map. A curious snake-like projection in the Atlantic Ocean has been the subject of much speculation. It is probably an attempt to depict the Grand Banks; or maybe it represents the Gulf Stream.

 

 

The map above was created in 1556 by Giacomo di Gastaldi, Venice, Italy. In the map, the cartographer depicted an island split in half with an Oak Tree next to a Christian/ Catholic Cross located in eastern Canada.  The island itself is located at the bottom center of the map. Giacomo di Gastaldi likely borrowed the Holy Cross Symbol from the Giovanni da Verrazzano 1529 World Map.

 

Zoom in version of Map 

 

Picture Of John Cabot Map (famous-explorers.com)

 

 

 

 

 

Giovanni da Verrazzano 1529 World Map

 

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Zoom in version of Map

 

[Early Photographic Facsimile of the 1529 Verrazano World Map] - Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc. (raremaps.com)

 

 

 

 

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I may have confused some viewers. Depending on the map, the Holy Cross and Oak Tree location varies. Both maps are the same. The first map shows only the islands while the second map shows the continent and the islands.

 

 

 

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The Holy Cross and the Oak Tree is located at the bottom center of the map.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Holy Cross and the Oak Tree is on the island located at the bottom right side of the map.  

 

 

 

 

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1529 Verrazzano Map

 

 

 

 

 

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1556 Gastaldi Map

 

 

 

 

 

 

After a closer examination of a Holy Cross Symbol found on the two maps above, it appears that there is a discrepancy in their appearance. The 1529 Verrazzano Map has a Holy Cross Symbol on a shield while in the 1556 Gastaldi Map, there is a fleur-de-lys or French iris lily symbol on top of the Holy Cross Symbol right next to a tree on an island. Although Giacomo di Gastaldi himself based his 1556 map on the voyages of Verrazzano and Cartier, the differences in the appearance around the Holy Cross Symbol found on his map is enough to suggest that it is not directly related to the Holy Cross Symbol found on the 1529 Verrazzano Map even though both were placed in the same general location on the maps.

 

 

Please visit both websites. Zoom in and you will see the fleur-de-lys symbol on top of the Holy Cross Symbol right next to a tree on an island in the 1556 Gastaldi Map.

 

 

Zoom in version of 1556 Gastaldi Map

 

 

The Gastaldi - Ramusio Nuova Francia - Rare & Antique Maps (bostonraremaps.com)

 

 

La Nuova Francia - Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc. (raremaps.com)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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fleur-de-lys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Please visit the website and you'll see the Holy Cross Symbol is on a shield.

 

 

Zoom in version of 1529 Verrazzano World Map

 

[Early Photographic Facsimile of the 1529 Verrazano World Map] - Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc. (raremaps.com)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The History of Maya Cities: Part 1

 

 

 

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Video

 

 

(2) The History of Maya Cities: Part 1 - YouTube

 

 

 

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Scientists Finally Cracked the Code of the Mayan Calendar

 

 

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Video

 

 

Scientists Finally Cracked the Code of the Mayan Calendar - YouTube

 

 

 

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